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Church Hill, Looking East

Photo taken in November 1979 by Richard Lewis

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History of the Sanbornton Congregational Church

A Self-Guided Tour of Sanbornton Congregational Church, United Church of Christ
 

Organized in November, 1771, when the first minister, the Rev. Joseph Woodman, was installed, this building is the
second building of the Sanbornton Congregational Church. The first Meetinghouse was built on Tower Hill on the south side of Centre Cemetery. In 1834, the original building was taken down, beginning in April, and built over at this present location. The “new” Meetinghouse was dedicated on September 24, 1834. It is on the National Register of Historic Landmarks, as are the Sanbornton Public Library (formerly Woodman Academy), and the Town Hall. Upon the church’s construction, it was voted to sell spaces for horse sheds to church members at the rear of the building. In the 1950’s, the Sanbornton Fire Department fire truck was kept there, and earlier, it was used as a workshop for the school. The last remaining horse shed was removed in 2000. In 1990, a handicapped access ramp to the church was completed behind the church, with the door leading out the right side of the chancel area. A
Memorial and Peace Garden was also created there, with a granite bench memorializing Janet Norman, late wife of the Rev. Leslie Norman (our minister from 1992-2002), and a peace pole.


The church’s one story main block has a shallow, shorter, two-story gable roofed entry pavilion on its street gable end. Above the pavilion rises a two-stage belfry tower. The main block and the pavilion both have clapboarded walls, sill boards, corner boards, and the same pedimented box cornice with moldings and frieze. The two-bay wide pavilion has two entries (each a paneled door with a built-in stained-glass window, paneled side trim with corner blocks topped by paneled triangular “finials”); 12/8 sash windows in the second story; and a semi-elliptical
louvered fan in the pediment accent the building. The main block is lit by tall, large, stained glass windows topped by Gothic arched blind louvers and trimmed by molded, arched frames with “impost blocks,” two windows in the street gable end and three windows in each side façade.


The first stage of the tower, clapboarded with corner boards and a box cornice with moldings and frieze, has one painted arched louver with molded frame in each public façade. The clapboarded upper stage, trimmed by wide paneled corner pilasters and another box cornice with moldings and frieze, has a Gothic arched louver set in molded frame with “impost blocks” in each public façade. The upper stage is surrounded by and crowned with balustrades with simple balusters and corner posts topped by a tall pyramidal “pinnacle.”


In 2015, the church was awarded an LCHIP grant (Land and Community Heritage Investment Program) that included the installation of new custom shutters to match the original shutter profile and hardware. New Lexan (non-yellowing) panels and frames were also installed to protect the windows on the outside, replacing the Lexan installed in 1987.


Church Interior

 In the narthex, the photos on the wall are of Nathan and Abigail Taylor, from the original Walter Ingalls paintings; the
stained glass windows on the front doors memorialize the Taylors. The guest book table was the church pulpit before 1950. Upstairs rooms were remodeled in 1953 as Sunday school classrooms. Later, in 1988, one room became the 
pastor’s study. In the early days, this space served as an open gallery, used by the choir and church orchestra. The oak pews were installed in the nave area in 1897, and the most recent blue carpeting was installed in 1980. An original church pew is part of the Sanbornton Historical Society’s collection at the Lane Tavern. Two front pews were removed (and sold) in 2017 in order to make additional space for liturgical rites and for visitors/members in wheelchairs. The coat rack was built by Ellwood Bennett, and a hymn board by E. Willis Sanborn. A cabinet (over the book and brochure shelf) holds early Communion cups, plates and a 1971 church bicentennial plate. A banner adorns the wall on the left, denoting the year (1771) when the church was organized. The banner was designed by Joy Tilton and the Committee for the 200 th Anniversary Celebration of Congregational Churches in New Hampshire, now the New Hampshire Conference of the United Church of Christ. Joy Tilton carried it in the Parade of Banners on October 28, 2001, at the Whittemore Center in Durham, New Hampshire. Nearby in the corner, on top of the old organ, are the pewter Communion plate and chalice (date
unknown) that was used before the current silver Communion set (already in use by 1940).

 

The church chancel (area around the altar) including the altar set, dossal (curtain), and lectern have an interesting history. In 1950, Douglas Prescott was the architect, and the plans now hang on the narthex wall. George Currier and his father, J. Sherman Currier, constructed the platform. Three of the original church pews were used as choir seats. Robert and Richard Wiggins were hired to construct the pulpit, altar and lectern. The altar, lighted cornice and dossal (made by Elizabeth Cotsibas), were given by the Bodwell family, in memory of the Rev. Abraham Bodwell, the second minister of the church. The lectern was given by descendants of the Perrin family in memory of the Rev. J. Newton Perrin, the seventh minister of the church. The Carl Hansen/Kent families donated the altar set. Others involved in the project were the Rev. Edward Ernst, Mr. and Mrs. Milton Stone, and Richard Currier. The chancel was dedicated on July 29, 1951.
 

Before 1950, four small deacon chairs, upholstered in red velvet were used. These chairs were placed below the platform. The present deacon chairs, Victorian in style, were made by ancestors of Robert Hanson and were given to the church by him in memory of the Hanson family.


The choir loft was expanded in 1953. The chancel lighting was donated by Mr. and Mrs. Warren Wilson. The offering plates were given in memory of Harry and Edith Barrett, by Mr. and Mrs. Warren Wilson, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Mattlin, and Mr. and Mrs. James Barrett. The lectern and pulpit appendia (also called paraments) were given in memory of Dr. and Mrs. Charles Bramble, and the lectern Bible was given in memory of Janet Norman (1930-1996). Marjory (Hillman) Marcello donated the audio system.


By the rear door of the Meetinghouse, there are two chairs and a table on loan by Elizabeth Cotsibas from the Currier family. The Communion table was originally owned by Clifton Ramsey. It was inherited by Paul Cotsibas who gave it to the church in 1989. The wall sconces for candles on each side of the altar were part of Clifton Ramsey’s estate. The pewter baptismal font is inscribed on the bottom: “O. Trask.” Oliver Trask (1792-1847) was a pewterer working in Beverly, Mass. His productive years were 1832-1839, and his work is very highly regarded. There are examples in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, as well as other museums. This baptismal font may have been made at the same time as our Johnson & Smith clock, around 1834, when our church was moved and rebuilt in its present site. The font sits on a small table made by Robert Bodwell.


A United States flag stands on the left and a Christian flag stands on the right of the main entrance to the sanctuary. In July 1889, The Congregational Society voted alterations for the platform and pews to provide more space in the chancel for the choir members. A photo by Elmo C. Weeks, taken prior to
1903, shows the earlier chancel, chandelier, wall lights, and stenciling on the walls, as well as the pews in use today. The chandelier and wall lamps now stored in the Lane Tavern garage were used until 1926, when the church building was electrified. George Currier remembered helping his father lower the chandeliers to replenish the oil and light the lights.


Ornamentation
The steeple bell was cast by Boston Copper Company in 1830, purchased and used in the Woodman Academy (now the Sanbornton Public Library) until it was sold to the church in 1863. Monies were collected by subscription to buy and transfer the bell to the church steeple. A photo of the bell in the narthex was taken by Betsy Akerman.

 

The Memorial stained glass windows were all made by Spence Bell Company of Boston. The twelve stained glass

windows installed in 1903 memorialize two early ministers, active members of the church, the Sunday school organized in 1819, and the Christian Endeavor Society organized in 1891. These memorials reflect well the many families who made the history of this church from 1771 to the present. The Emery window, to the right of the rear church door, was originally damaged during the hurricane of 1938, and at that time a number of new glass pieces were replaced. In 2010, an in-depth analysis was done by Cline Conservators, who found that the Emery window was in immediate danger of collapse. Thanks to a generous donation of an anonymous parishioner,
the Emery window was completely restored between April and September, 2013 by Don Cline of Cline Conservators, Andover, NH. A history, compiled by Mildred B. Shaw and covering the history of all the windows, is available for sale.


Church records show that “a vote of thanks to Mrs. Helen J. Morse was passed for the elegant clock presented to the church… December 13, 1913.” A clock was presented to the church by Nelson Smith who built the Inn at Steele Hill in 1940. The clock replacing the Nelson Smith gift, restored in 1996, was made by Johnson & Smith, Sanbornton clockmakers in the 1800’s, and was removed from the church attic. It now chimes the hour with a single strike. The cost of restoration was donated by Edna Hansen and Dennis Akerman. It was placed on our wall by Stephen Sanborn, clockmaker and restorer, on Saturday, October 26, 1996, to coincide with the 225th anniversary of the church’s organization.


The church has a beautiful Christmas nativity set (crèche) hand-painted and donated by Kay Stewart and Evelyn Merrill. This crèche is an integral part of our Christmas Worship services every year.

Pipe Organ
Church records show the first mention of an organ was in 1880 when the Ladies Circle bought a
reed organ. It is now situated in the northwest corner of the sanctuary. In 1949, a Minshall-Estey one-manual electric organ was purchased. In 1968, the church bought 1914 Estey, Opus 1248, a 10-rank pipe organ and moved it here from Carlisle MA.  The organ chamber on the east side of the building was built to house the organ, with the console and display pipes arranged as they now appear.  The work was done entirely by church members: Dennis Akerman as chair, Ellwood Bennett in charge of the building work, Laurence Leonard of Laconia as advisor, with many parishioners involved.

 

In late 1968, the organ was first played in Worship by Catharine Currier. The dedicatory recital was played by Stephen Garvin of Scarborough, Maine. In 1976, a 1937 Estey console was installed and tonal changes made. In 1986-7, William Brys of Charlestown did major modifications to the organ, including tonal changes and additions.  In recent years, there have been additional tonal changes.

 

The current pipe organ contains 909 pipes. In 2014, an organ concert was held to celebrate the Estey’s 100th anniversary. In 2019, the church voted to raise $60,000 for a major rebuild of the organ. That work, under K. Robert Bengtson, with the help of many church members, has included replacing the Estey console with a three-manual Austin console, new wind chests, the addition of a Positive division, and many tonal changes. It comprises 22 ranks over three manuals and pedal. 

 

Organists have been Mary H. Bodwell 1880; Livonia Hunkins prior to 1918; Catharine Currier 1918-1971; Marylou Crooks 1971-1979; Douglas Embree 1979-2017; and Laura Belanger 2017-the present.
 

Undercroft
In 1974, the excavation project began for the Undercroft with Warren Wilson as Project Manager. 812 hours of labor were spent by volunteers doing the groundwork. Ralph Ingemndsen and Merle Sargent, masons, volunteered their expertise on foundation work. In 1979, the finishing of the project was undertaken with Douglass Prescott as architect, Robert Bodwell as chairman of the Building Committee, and Jim Van Valkenburgh as the carpenter and builder. Completion of the Christian Education, Fellowship, and Community Service facility was completed in 1980. All the furnishings in the Undercroft were donations from the Women’s Union and Harmony Grange #99.

 

Church members gave the Undercroft a new look with fresh paint in the summer of 2016. As part of the LCHIP grant received in 2015 (see page 2), our unisex bathroom was renovated to make it wheelchair accessible.
Many pictures and photos have decorated the walls. Presently, there is a framed colored photo of the church taken by German photographers in 1997 and donated by Richard Currier. There are also 3 framed collages of the church created and donated by Mildred B. Shaw, Church Historian Emeritus.

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Church Hill, Looking South Down Meeting House Hill Road

Photo taken in November 1979 by Richard Lewis

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

1771 - Congregational Church organized with the ordination of Reverend Joseph Woodman, November 13, 1771
1775 - Building of first meeting house begun, completed in 1789

1783 - Centre Cemetery established adjacent to the location of the original Meetinghouse.
1829 - Separation of church and state in Sanbornton
1834 - Church moved from Tower Hill to present site and extended
1870 - Rear singing gallery moved to main floor
1871 - Church Centennial celebrated

1880 - Ladies Circle purchases a reed organ for the church
1897 - New pews installed in church
1903 -
Memorial windows installed
1921 - One hundred fiftieth anniversary celebrated
1946 - November, church incorporated
1947 - March, new corporation constitution accepted
1948 - Voted unification of E & R and Congregational Christian Churches to form the UCC
1949 - Electric organ installed
1951 - Chancel remodeled
1953 - Balcony converted into classrooms
1953-1966 - Church shared minister with Northfield-Tilton Congregational Church
1961 - Affiliated with
United Church of Christ
1968 & 1969 - Addition to church with pipe organ installation
1971 - Bicentennial of church celebrated. Catherine B. Currier retired after 53 years of service.
1974 - Excavation project began for undercroft, completed in 1980 with Christian Education, Fellowship and Community Service facility.
1976 - Inauguration of expanded Estey pipe organ, rebuilt in 1987

1981 - Acquisition of Fiske House for use as Parsonage
1983 - New well completed and storm windows installed
1988 - Congregation votes to become a "
Peace With Justice" church; Pastor's study at church completed
1989 - Expansion and renovation of Parsonage
1990 - Handicap access completed
1995 - Church Music Vision realized with new hymnals, choir robes and organ pipes
1996 - Two hundred twenty-fifth anniversary of the church
1997 - July 4- Congregation votes to become an
“Open and Affirming” Church, church banner designed by Joy Tilton
1998 -
Dennis Akerman becomes the first Minister of Music in NH Conference.
2002 - The church’s ceramic Christmas nativity painted and donated by Kay Stewart and Evelyn Merrill
2005 - “Vision 2008:” Three-year strategic plan
2007 - Celebration honoring
Dennis Akerman's 40th anniversary as Minister of Music. Congregation votes to become a Green Church
2011 - Celebration in honor of Elizabeth and Richard Currier, who are "retiring" after many years of service to our church.
Church By-laws examined and substantial changes approved by the congregation. Parsonage interior
painted and new carpet installed
2012 - Church chandelier and oil lamps sold
2013 - (September) 1000 peace doves folded for International Peace Day, parsonage exterior painted, restoration of Memorial windows:
Emery window, Alpha and Omega windows
2014 - Metal roof put on parsonage, Estey organ expanded, celebration of the 100th anniversary of Estey organ opus #1284, with a special organ concert; undercroft painted a new color

2017 - Completion of projects approved for an LCHIP Grant: handicapped bathroom, new shutters, and Plexan covering for Memorial windows; (August) Retirement of Douglas Embree, beloved organist since 1978;  (September) Organist Laura Belanger joins our staff
2018 - (September) $60,000 Campaign approved for Organ Restoration
2019 -
Church sign on front lawn completed
2020 - (January)
Safe Conduct Policy approved